Can you make an assessment regarding the leather industry?
Tannery or leather industry is a profitable business in many parts of UAE, including Dubai. Almost everyone knows about leather products, but not many people know how leather is made. The basic material of leather products is made from the skin of animals such as cow, buffalo, sheep, goat and pig. Leather is an expensive raw material widely used all over the world. There is good demand for all leather products in the world market. Now, you need an explanation about tannery products, what tannery products are, all of which you already know. They are respectively shoes, bags, suitcases, belts, wallets, jackets, etc. Apart from this, the tannery utilizes the raw hides and skins in to leather to make many other products. In the past, till about 1960s, leather processing was done using some indigenous methods. In this modern day and age, the tannery or leather industry is thriving in the UAE, employing hundreds of people and utilizing the most advanced technologies.
What chemicals are used in tanneries?
The most common tanning agents used in the US, where the modernity is the hall mark of industries are trivalent chromium and vegetable tannins extracted from the bark of certain trees. These are alum, syntans (made from chemicals), formaldehyde, glutaraldehyde and heavy oils. Other tanning agents, there are approximately 111 leather tanning facilities in the United States. In short, the use of chemicals in tanneries cannot be ruled out, whether they cause health problems for human or not.
What are the raw materials in leather industry?
Leather is a by-product made from the primary product of animal skins or hides. Once the skin of the animal is transformed in to leather, it becomes an expensive commodity. Leather is used to manufacture many useful products for humans on an industrial basis in all countries of the world. There is one thing that many people do not know, and that is that the basic material of leather is the skin of an animal. In a little more detail, the main sources of raw materials for the leather industry worldwide are cattle (including buffalo), sheep, goats and pigs, which are raised specifically for the production of meat, wool and or dairy products. However, the leather industry is very buoyant in the world market.
What is the explanation for tannins?
Tannins can give a clear definition, in fact, their nature is biological. It cannot be denied that tannins are a type of organic compounds. Mostly glucosidal, they have acid reaction and are very astringent like liquid in nature. Their biological activity is not always the same, and is in doubt. This is because; they may be related to the formation of cork or pigments, or the protection of the plant. Something can be said about the skin of animals like cow, buffalo and goat. Tannins are of economic interest because of their ability to combine with certain types of proteins, such as those found in animal skin, to form a strong, flexible and resistant insoluble material known as leather.
This characteristic is the reason for the high demand for tannin contained products. Tannins react with iron salts to form dark blue or greenish black compounds, which are the basis of the common inks with which we are familiar. Their liquid astringent properties are remarkable, making them useful in medicine. Tanning materials are also used in oil drilling to reduce the viscosity of the drill bit without lowering the specific gravity. Tannins as organic compounds play a meaningful role in the tannery industry with their contribution.
What is the role of chemicals in the manufacture of dyes?
Dyes cannot be manufactured without chemicals and many chemicals are dangerous and harmful. Chemicals that cause even fatal deceases are used in the manufacture of dyes. Here the question of what chemical is used in the manufacture of dyes is important. The basic raw materials used in the manufacture of dyestuff are benzene, toluene, xylene and naphthalene (BTXN). These raw materials are initially transformed in to dye intermediates through nitration, suffocation, amination, reduction and other chemical unit process. There will be no ban on the manufacture of dyes so soon, because the textile industry will stagnate instead of progressing.
Are the dyes in clothing poisonous?
There is no doubt that textile dyes are toxic, and textile dyes are extremely dangerous. While on one side the industry is growing, on the other side the situation is deplorable. Textile dyes, mostly industrial pollutants, are highly toxic and carcinogenic, so they are linked to environmental degradation and various deceases in humans and animals. Companies manufacturing textile dyes should take all kinds of safety precautions to ensure that people’s health is not harmed.
What is the contemporary relevance of cotton cloths?
Nowadays cotton cloths are in great demand all over the world and the price also high. Men (of any age, including children) can’t avoid a shirt, 90% prefers cotton shirt clothing. In the olden days, men used various shirt materials like terlin, terry cotton, woolen etc. But today, times have changed a lot and everyone is fonder of cotton shirts. Do you know which dye is used for cotton clothes? Reactive dyes are the most stable of all dye types and are the most common dyes used on cotton and other cellulose fibers. They are classified according to their functional group, such as dichlorotriazine of vinyl sufone. There is no denying that the market is booming with the sheer beauty of the best dyes for cotton fabrics.
A wide variety of dyes are used in the textile industries worldwide, as you know without the support of dyes, no clothing industry can survive anywhere in the world. There is another side to this which is that the textile industry is a potential business till the end of the world, meaning that the human beings living on earth will not be able to imagine a life without cloths, close to that the importance of dyes. Do you know, what is the most used dye for the clothing industry? Textile dyes, include acid dyes, mainly used for dying wool, silk and nylon. Direct or solid dyes, that have a strong affinity for cellulose fibers require the addition of chemicals such as salts to give mordant dyes an affinity for the dye stuff. All over the world, the textile industry and dyes, are complimentary like two sides of a coin, or one or without the other.
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